Red-headed Chestnut Conistra erythrocephala
([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)
Wingspan c. 38 mm.
Slightly larger than the other Conistra species, Red-headed Chestnut has two or three small black markings in the orbicular stigma, which serve to be diagnostic. It often shows a darker red thorax and paler head.
Nowadays it is a rare migrant species, occurring infrequently during October and November, though around the turn of the 20th century, it was believed to be resident in small numbers on the south coast.
Abroad, it occurs in central and southern Europe, and according to literature, the larva feed at first on young leaves of oak (Quercus) and elm (Ulmus) before descending to the ground to feed on herbaceous plants.